The Button and Young
Benjamin F. Dake, III wrote a very
well researched article for Beyond Germanna in the volume 7, number 4 issue (page
394). He declined to make an identification with Daniel Buttons who was
a taxpayer in the Elk Run District of Prince William County, Virginia,
in 1751 though the probability is very high. Mr. Dake suggested as a
starting point that one review some of the history as given in Germanna Record Five (GR5). The Jung (Young) family of the Little
Fork in Virginia and of Seelbach or Trupbach, villages west of Siegen,
is discussed in Chapter 26 of GR5. Chapter 5 of GR5 discusses the Button family. Chapter 2 of GR5 gives a summary of the religious situation
in the first half of the 17th century in the Nassau-Siegen area, the
Thirty Years War with its depredations and repressions, and the Swedish
assistance to the Protestants.
The information should be of interest
to all Germanna researchers for it shows that the history of families
may be complex. We are inclined to think that any one particular family
lived in the village of origin indefinitely whereas the story may be
much more complicated than that.
At the time of the Swedes being in
control in the Siegen area during the the Thirty Years War, a member of
the Jung family of Siegen, Christoph Jung, was the Reformed
(Evangelische or Protestant) pastor at Gundersheim of Kreis Worms,
about eighty miles to the south of Siegen. He last appears there in
1635 at the end of the Swedish occupation. Christoph was “of” Siegen,
an expression usually meaning he was born there. He matriculated at
Herborn, 20 to 25 miles southeast of Siegen, on 2 December 1615 and
again on 2 July 1618. At this later date, a notation states he was the
pastor at Seelbach. In addition he may have served at Altenkirchen
since his son Wilhelm, another minister, was “of” Altenkirchen.
Christoph died some time after April 1635 in Alzey where he may have
been a minister also. The son Wilhelm was pastor at Ostheim (now
Ostheim-Nidderau) from 1650 to 1662 and at Markoebel (now
Markoebel-Hammersbach) from 1662 to 1697.
Wilhelm Jung and his wife, Anna Maria
Dietz, had eleven children, one of whom, Maria Margarete, married Jacob
Bouton (or Jakob Boutton) as his second wife. Jakob Bouton of Hanau was
the son of the Huguenot David Bouton by his second wife, Rachel Haseur.
David was born in Metz, France, went as a young man to Hanau in Hesse,
married, and became a businessman there. One of Jacob’s sons was Jean
Daniel, baptized in the French Reformed Church (Wallonischekirche) in
Hanau on 25 January 1691. His German name was Johann Daniel and the
Bouton surname was spelled occasionally as Boutton and Button in the
Hanau records. Jean passed through Holland, where his first given name
would have been Jan, and sailed on the ship Samuel for Philadelphia. He
was 48 when he arrived and took the oath of allegiance on 27 August
1739. The ship’s captain had spelled his surname as Buttong. This would
be an approximate phonetic spelling of the nasal sounding name in
French, especially if the pronunciation were influenced by the more
guttural German, though he, Daniel, wrote his own name as Bouton. He
was naturalized in Philadelphia on 1 February 1746 with the name Johann
It was not unusual that Johann Daniel
was a city dweller, rather than a farmer as most of the Palatines were,
as his father was a beer-brewer in Hanau. His grandfather, David, was a
businessman in the Hanau suburbs. His great-grandfather, Theodore
Bouton, was a hatter in Metz. His grandfather and great-grandfather
Jung were city dwellers as ministers.
If we do identify Johann Daniel Bouton
with the Daniel Buttons in Prince William County, we must note that he
lived for a few years in Philadelphia before moving to Prince William
County. However, it would appear that the identity is valid considering
the similarity of the names and associations in Germany and in Virginia.
Mr. Dake’s research was extensive and
based on many records from Germany and America. He was a member (he is
now deceased) of many research societies in Europe. He gave an
extensive list of references in his article in Beyond Germanna. One of his ancestors was the Huguenot David
Bouton, who had emigrated to Hanau from Metz, Lorraine, France, and one
of whose sons married the Jung girl. The European references for this
article came from the Hanau archives as the Hanau church records have
not been microfilmed by the Mormon Church; the Leiden Huguenot records
which are on LDS microfilm; from M. Jean-Louis Calbet, the leading
researcher of 16th and 17th century Protestants of Metz; as well as
from the Genealogical Society of Hesse, the Pastor at Markbbel, and
others. Mr. Dake belonged to three French genealogical societies and a
historical society, two Swiss genealogical societies, and a German
(Hesse) genealogical society as well as the German Huguenot Society.
His wife belonged to the genealogical society in Baden-Wuerttemberg.
Several of the Germanna families have
a history spread over a wide
geographical region. The Blankenbaker and Garr families claim to have
Austrian origins (probably the Scheible and perhaps the Kaefer families
are also in this group). The Hieronymus family claims an Austrian
origin. Several families can show ancestors from Switzerland in the
male or female line. The Rector family seems to have come from Saxony.